This map from New York's Asia Society shows the Kushan Empire at the time of King Kanishka, 127-150 CE, and the most important trade routes.
This map shows the current political borders in the region.
GANDHARA, heartland of the Kushan Empire
Gandhara, a region in northwest Pakistan and northeast Afghanistan, was the heartland of the Kushan Empire. This 5th - 6th C. CE ceramic head in the Metropolitan Museum with inset garnet eyes is a striking example of Gandharan art which fused Indian, Hellenistic, and Iranian influences.
The Met's essay on Gandhara is at:
Make Your Own Paper Golden Necklace!
To make your own necklaces of gold Kushan coins showing King Kanishka, Shiva, Inanna & Hercules, click on the link below to download a PDF of the two sides of the coin images. Print both sides on single sheets of yellow card stock, cut out the 4 coins, punch holes, string and tie the coins on, and wear!
When you print, make sure the images are aligned to print both coins sides correctly.
How Ancient Coins Inspired Jaya's Golden Necklace
Gandharan Reliefs inspire Jaya's Golden Necklace
Reliefs carved in schist, a soft grey stone,
covered Buddhist buildings in ancient Gandhara. These reliefs include scenes of everyday life, like the musicians & dancers here, and show the styles worn in the Kushan Empire.
These scenes were a rich source of ideas while illustrating Jaya. Just below are dancers and musicians from the book's endpapers.
The reliefs are from Isao Kurita's two volume Gandharan Art, a comprehensive survey with many examples of the most popular motifs used by the Kushans.
GANDHARA: BUDDHISM and TRADE
Kurt Behrendt, the Metropolitan Museum's associate curator of Asian Art , gives an excellent one hour introduction to the cultural background of ancient Gandhara. This is the first of three talks by Mr. Behrendt.